How to Extract Git from GitHub: A Developer's Guide for Beginners (2023)

Embark on an immersive journey into the world of Git, where code meets collaboration and forms the backbone of numerous digital projects. How to Pull Git from GitHub: A Beginner's Guide serves as a guide to navigating the intricate complexities of repositories, branches, and pull requests. This tutorial is not just about commands and syntax. It's about understanding the heartbeat of collaborative programming environments. Become a Git master and turn complexity into simplicity and command lines into lines of success. with everyone'Draw git', you don't just fetch the code; They weave the fabric of innovation.

  • Set the stage
  • Clone a GitHub repository
  • Check the branch
  • withdraw changes
  • Rebase goes Git Pull
  • Frequently Asked Questions
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    Set the stage

    To really understand the concept of getting updates from a GitHub repository, it's important to understand the key elements that make up the foundation of Git. These building blocks give you the context you need to effectively navigate the Git universe.


    Think of the repository as the home planet for your project in the Git universe. All files related to a specific project are located here.It can exist in two places at once, similar to quantum particles. The first is on your local computer (local repository), and the other is on the GitHub servers (External repository). When working on a project, you usually make changes to your local repository and then push those changes to a remote repository on GitHub.

    Draw git

    A pull pulls updates from a remote repository and merges them into your current working branch in your local repository.It's like calling a starship back to its home planet with new resources or updates. In the core: "Draw gityou can sync your local version of a project with a remote version on GitHub.

    remote control

    U context Git a'remote control' is a shared repository that all team members use to share their changes. It's the mothership of your project, somewhere on the web, usually on GitHub. It's important to understand that when you clone a repository, you have a full version of the project history on your local computer. This cloned repository knows its'Origin', i.e. H. the remote repository from which it was cloned, but it can also communicate with other remote repositories for collaboration purposes.

    Armed with this knowledge, you're ready to begin your journey and navigate the cosmos of code changes and versioning with Git and GitHub. This understanding of repositories, the pull command, and remotes will serve as your compass, guiding you on your path to becoming a Git master.

    Clone a GitHub repository

    Cloning a GitHub repository is like creating a mirror universe. It is the process of making a full, local copy of a remote repository. With this local copy, you can work on your project, experiment with code, and track changes in your own development environment, independent of the source project (external repository) hosted on GitHub.

    Why clone a repository?

    Cloning has several advantages:

    • Insulation:Cloning a repository allows you to work in an isolated environment on your local computer. This means you can make changes, try new things, and even make mistakes without affecting the original project.
    • Offline accessibility:Because the clone is on your local machine, you can open the project and make changes even without an internet connection.
    • Version management:Cloning transfers Git's versioning capabilities to your local computer. You can commit, create branches, merge changes, and do almost anything Git has to offer.

    clones in action

    To clone a repository, you must first go to the main page of the repositoryGitHub. Here you will find a button labeled "Encrypt'. Clicking this button opens a drop-down menu with a screenURLrequired to clone the repository.

    After copying thisURL, you need to open a terminal on your local machine. Navigate to the folder where you want to place the cloned repository. Then use itGo cloneA command followed by a repositoryURL:

    Go clone

    For example:

    (Video) Git and GitHub for Beginners Tutorial


    This command creates a new directory with the name of the repository at your current location and downloads the files from the repository to that directory.

    Note that cloning is a one-time process. Once the repository is cloned, you can start working on the project. It's your first leap into the code cosmos, your entry into the universe of Git version control.

    Check the branch

    As you travel through the Git universe, you come across an important concept called "branch'. A repository is not just a single timeline of your project's history, but can contain multiple timelines, each branching off from the main timeline. This will be appropriate"branches'.

    Branches represent an isolated environment within your repository where you can make changes without affecting the main line of development, usually labeled "main" or "Meesterbranch. Think of them as parallel universes where you can experiment freely without upsetting the balance of the original world.

    Why use branches?

    Branches are essential for a smooth and efficient workflow.They let you work on different functions, experiment with new ideas or fix bugs while keeping your main project stable. Once you're happy with your changes to a branch, you can merge it back into the mainline.

    Check the branch

    To start working on a branch, you must "Listen'. Checking out a branch in Git means switching from the current branch to another.This allows you to switch between different timelines in your project.

    To check out a branch, you can usegit logoutThe command followed by the branch name:

    git logout

    For example:

    Git checkout new function

    Note: Create and switch to a new branch

    If the branch you want to switch to doesn't exist and you want to create it, you can do that with-Boption in itgit logoutCommando:

    git logout -b

    For example:

    git checkout -b experimental function

    This command creates a new branch called "Experimental functionand immediately switch to it.

    Show all locations

    If you are not sure which branches exist in your repository, you can use to list them allgit granaCommand. passage-AThe label shows all local and remote locations:

    (Video) How to pull project from github to visual studio code | Tech Projects

    git grana -a

    Effective branching control lets you choose your path in the code universe. Whether you're adding a new feature, testing an experimental idea, or fixing a bug, branches give you the isolation environment you need.

    withdraw changes

    After cloning the repository and navigating the branches, the next important step in your journey through the Git universe is making changes. This action updates your local repository with the latest changes made in the remote repository. This is equivalent to synchronizing your vessel's navigation system with the latest star charts.

    You understand Git Pull

    OfDraw gitThe command is a combination of two other Git commands:get gitIGit Merge. When you runDraw git, Git runs ato take, which retrieves local copies of remote branches, and then aunite, which integrates changes from the retrieved branch into your current working branch.

    In the core,Draw gitis a way to keep your local codebase up to date with the latest changes from a remote repository.

    Put the changes into action

    If you have a checked out branch and want to get the latest changes, just runDraw gitCommando:

    Draw git

    This command pulls updates from the remote repository and pushes them to your current working branch.

    Resolve merge conflicts

    When retrieving changes, be aware of the possibility of merge conflicts. This happens when Git tries to merge changes from a remote repository that conflict with your local changes.

    When a conflict occurs, Git breaks the merge and marks conflict areas in your files. You must manually review these conflicts and decide which changes to keep. After you resolve the conflicts, you can continue with the merge process.

    Stay in sync

    In collaborative environments, it is essential to make changes regularly. It ensures you are working on the latest version of the project, avoiding conflicts and aligning your work with that of other collaborators.

    Remember that pulling changes isn't just about getting the latest code; It's about maintaining alignment with your team and the continuous progress of your project. It's a practice that will make your journey through the Git universe smooth and efficient.

    Rebase goes Git Pull

    As you continue your Git journey, you'll encounter several ways to deal with updates and changes. One of those methods is usingDraw gitS--FuchsA possibility. This approach can help create a cleaner, more linear project history, making it easier for you and your team to understand and navigate project development.

    Understand Git Rebase

    Rebasing is an alternative to merging to include changes from one branch to another. It works by moving or combining a series of commitments into a new base commitment.

    (Video) How to clone GitHub repository ?

    When you start with agit pull --rebase, Git first saves your local changes, applies the changes from the remote repository to your branch, and then applies your changes to it. This results in a linear history that avoids the complexity of merge commits and makes tracking easier.

    Git pull with rebase in action

    To run oneDraw gitWith Rebase you can use the following command:

    git pull --rebase

    This command tells Git to "roll" your local commits, apply the latest changes from the remote repository, and then redo your changes on top of that.

    Handling conflicts with rebase

    As with merging, conflicts can arise during rebase if there are conflicting changes in commits being executed. Git pauses and allows you to manually resolve these conflicts.

    After resolving the conflicts, instead of creating a new merge commit, you can continue to rebasegit rebase --nastavi. If you want to cancel the rebasing completely, you can use:git rebase -- abort.

    Keeping a clean project history

    The main advantage of using itgit pull --rebaseis to eliminate unnecessary commitment aggregation and create a cleaner, more linear project flow. This can be especially useful for projects with many contributors, as it makes it easier to track the order of changes.

    Note that while rebasing can simplify your project history, it can also overwrite it. This can be a problem if you are collaborating on a topic with others, as the changed history may conflict with their work. Rebasing is therefore best applied in branches where you work alone.

    git pull --rebaseis a powerful tool for optimizing your journey through the code cosmos.


    Keeping a clean, linear history helps you and your team move through project development with ease.

    Have fun coding!🙌

    (Video) How to work with Git & Github using Eclipse | Commit | Push | Branching | Pull Request | Merging

    Frequently Asked Questions

    what happens if i run awayDraw gitwithout applying my current changes?

    when you walkDraw gitWithout committing your changes, Git attempts to merge incoming changes with your local changes. If there are conflicts (ie, the same part of the same file has changed), Git cannot merge the changes and displays a message indicating that there are merge conflicts.

    What does "pull with a reinforcing bar" mean?

    'Draw with rebase' is a Git command (git pull --rebase) which pushes all changes made to the main theme since the theme was created to the top of the theme's history. It gives the impression that changes are made above the current state of the master branch without the need for a new commit.

    How do I resolve merge conflicts?

    A merge conflict occurs when Git cannot merge changes automatically because the changes conflict with each other. In this case, Git breaks the merge and you can resolve the conflicts manually. Conflict areas in your files will be highlighted and you will need to edit the files to resolve the conflicts and then apply the resolved changes.

    How often should I pull changes from the remote repository?

    How often you need to pull changes from the remote repository depends on the nature of the project and the team's workflow. In a fast-paced collaborative environment, it can be useful to pull changes several times a day to stay on top of the latest developments. In other cases, it may be enough to make changes once a day or even less often.

    (Video) Git Pull Request | Git Pull Request Tutorial | Git Commands |Git Tutorial For Beginners |Simplilearn

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    How do I pull a git code from GitHub? ›

    PULL Request through GitHub Desktop
    1. Cloning and Opening to Desktop. A project is cloned and click to "Open in Desktop".
    2. Create a new branch. A new branch, "fix-typo-imp" is created.
    3. 3. Make a change in the imp file from the text editor. ...
    4. Commit the changes. ...
    5. Publish the branch. ...
    6. Create a PULL Request.

    How do I use GitHub beginners guide? ›

    How to Start Using Git and GitHub
    1. Step 1 – Install Git. ...
    2. Step 2 – Create a GitHub Account. ...
    3. Step 3 – Connect your GitHub account to your Git account. ...
    4. Step 4 – Create and edit your code files locally.
    5. Step 5 – Create a repository on GitHub. ...
    6. Step 6 – Push your local code to GitHub.
    Sep 26, 2022

    How do I extract data from GitHub? ›

    Visit your account settings page. Click “Start export” in the “Export account data” section. You will receive an email when the export is ready.

    How do I pull new code from git? ›

    For that, go to your GitHub, go to the repository and then to the clone or download option, and copy the URL. Coming back to GitHub, paste the URL with Git pull command. All the contents from the repository have been pulled to our local repository. The contents can be found in the desired directory.

    How do I pull code from GitHub using command prompt? ›

    $ cd /PATH/TO/REPO [repo]$ github .
    1. Open a command prompt.
    2. To launch GitHub Desktop to the last opened repository, type github . To launch GitHub Desktop for a particular repository, type github followed by the path to the repository. C:\Users\octocat> github PATH\TO\REPO.

    What is the difference between Git and GitHub? ›

    While Git is a tool that's used to manage multiple versions of source code edits that are then transferred to files in a Git repository, GitHub serves as a location for uploading copies of a Git repository. In a sense, then, there's no comparison when it comes to Git vs. GitHub as far as their function.

    How do I open a GitHub code in GitHub? ›

    You can access the repository on from within GitHub Desktop. In the file menu, click Repository, then click View on GitHub. This will take you directly to the repository in your default browser.

    Should I use GitHub as a beginner? ›

    Github is easy to use for beginners. In fact, you'll only need to know a few Git commands to learn how to push code to GitHub. If you already know Git, GitHub will be a breeze but it will be a bit harder if you don't know Git. Getting on GitHub can be a game-changer for you as a new or aspiring developer.

    What is the difference between git clone and git pull? ›

    git pull (or git fetch + git merge ) is how you update that local copy with new commits from the remote repository. git clone is used for just downloading exactly what is currently working on the remote server repository and saving it in your machine's folder where that project is placed.

    How do I pull a remote branch for the first time? ›

    If you want to check out a remote branch someone published, you first have to use git fetch . This command downloads the references from your remote repository to your local machine, including the reference to the remote branch. Now all you need to do is use git checkout <remote branch name> .

    How do I pull data from GitHub to excel? ›

    You can then work with live GitHub data in Excel.
    1. In Excel, open the Data tab and choose From Other Sources -> From Microsoft Query.
    2. Choose the GitHub DSN. ...
    3. In the Query Wizard, expand the node for the table you would like to import into your spreadsheet. ...
    4. The Filter Data page allows you to specify criteria.

    How do I get files from a GitHub branch? ›

    Here is the process to follow to get a file from another branch:
    1. Switch to the branch where you want to checkout the file. git switch feature/A.
    2. Get the file from the other branch. git restore --source feature/B -- utils.js.
    3. Commit and push the changes.
    Jun 6, 2022

    How to get data from git to local? ›

    git clone
    1. The "clone" command downloads an existing Git repository to your local computer.
    2. Specifies the URL of the remote repository. ...
    3. The name of the folder on your local machine where the repository will be downloaded into. ...
    4. Clones and initializes all contained submodules.

    How to pull code from remote branch git? ›

    You can do this with the git fetch command. The git fetch command goes out to your remote project and pulls down all the data from that remote project that you don't have yet. After you do this, you should have references to all the branches from that remote, which you can merge in or inspect at any time.

    How do I pull code from GitHub desktop? ›

    Opening a pull request in GitHub Desktop from GitHub
    1. Under your repository name, click Pull requests.
    2. In the list of pull requests, click the pull request that you would like to open in GitHub Desktop.
    3. To the right of the title of the pull request, click Code, then, on the Local tab, click Checkout with GitHub Desktop.

    What is a GitHub pull request? ›

    Pull requests let you tell others about changes you've pushed to a branch in a repository on GitHub. Once a pull request is opened, you can discuss and review the potential changes with collaborators and add follow-up commits before your changes are merged into the base branch.

    Should I learn Git or GitHub first? ›

    You do not need GitHub to use git, but you cannot use GitHub without using git. There are many other alternatives to GitHub, such as GitLab, BitBucket, and “host-your-own” solutions such as gogs and gittea. All of these are referred to in git-speak as “remotes”, and all are completely optional.

    Do I need to install Git if I use GitHub? ›

    Do I need to install git to use GitHub? You need to have Git installed if you want to work on your project on your local computer. GitHub will not work on your local computer if you don't have Git installed.

    Is it better to use Git or GitHub? ›

    However, if you're working on a project with other people, GitHub is the better choice. Its robust features and user-friendly interface make it the best platform for collaboration. By using Git and GitHub, you can access your code from any computer.

    Can I code directly in GitHub? ›

    About the github.

    With the github. dev editor, you can navigate files and source code repositories from GitHub, and make and commit code changes. You can open any repository, fork, or pull request in the editor.

    How do I install a program from GitHub? ›

    how to install from github: Step-by-step guide
    1. Create a GitHub account. Github is a website and repository host that allows users to store or access open source software and collaborate with other users. ...
    2. Find a Repository. ...
    3. Clone the Repository. ...
    4. Install the Repository. ...
    5. Use the Repository.
    Mar 22, 2023

    How much time required to learn GitHub? ›

    If you're trying to learn Git along with a new software language or work on a new project, it may take some time—up to a week or more. Of course, daily practice will help you become familiar with Git and further your mastery.

    Can you use GitHub by yourself? ›

    Your personal account can own resources such as repositories, packages, and projects. Any time you take any action on, such as creating an issue or reviewing a pull request, the action is attributed to your personal account.

    How do I use GitHub as a developer? ›

    How Do You Use Git and GitHub?
    1. Create your GitHub account, which you should have already done, thanks to the previous section!
    2. Create a repository or “repo” for short. This is where you store your code.
    3. Build a file.
    4. Make a commit. ...
    5. Connect your repo with your computer system.
    Feb 3, 2023

    Do I need to install git to clone? ›

    To clone your Github repo on Windows.
    1. Open Git Bash. If Git is not already installed, it is super simple. ...
    2. Go to the current directory where you want the cloned directory to be added. ...
    3. Go to the page of the repository that you want to clone.
    4. Click on “Clone or download” and copy the URL.
    Jun 1, 2022

    Should I use git pull or fetch? ›

    When comparing Git pull vs fetch, Git fetch is a safer alternative because it pulls in all the commits from your remote but doesn't make any changes to your local files. On the other hand, Git pull is faster as you're performing multiple actions in one – a better bang for your buck.

    What is the difference between branch and remote git? ›

    The local branch exists on the local machine and can be seen only by the local user. The remote branch is a branch on a remote location. Sometimes, you want to know what files are changed between the local and remote repositories.

    What are the 4 stages in Git? ›

    Files in a Git project have various stages like Creation, Modification, Refactoring, and Deletion and so on. Irrespective of whether this project is tracked by Git or not, these phases are still prevalent.

    What is GitHub in layman's terms? ›

    GitHub is a code hosting platform for version control and collaboration. It lets you and others work together on projects from anywhere.

    What are branches in git? ›

    In Git, branches are a part of your everyday development process. Git branches are effectively a pointer to a snapshot of your changes. When you want to add a new feature or fix a bug—no matter how big or how small—you spawn a new branch to encapsulate your changes.

    How to list all branches in git? ›

    How to Show All Remote and Local Branch Names
    1. To see local branch names, open your terminal and run git branch :
    2. To see all remote branch names, run git branch -r :
    3. To see all local and remote branches, run git branch -a :
    Mar 29, 2022

    How to list all remote branches in git? ›

    List All Branches
    1. To see local branches, run this command: git branch.
    2. To see remote branches, run this command: git branch -r.
    3. To see all local and remote branches, run this command: git branch -a.

    Can you use git with Excel? ›

    You can put an Excel file in Git. It's just a file. The problem is, Excel files are not text files, they are a proprietary binary format. In the following example I start by adding an empty Excel spreadsheet to a Git repository.

    What is the URL of my GitHub repository? ›

    On the GitHub website, click on you repository of interest. Locate the green button named Code and click on it. The GitHub URL will appear.

    What does a git fetch do? ›

    The git fetch command downloads commits, files, and refs from a remote repository into your local repo. Fetching is what you do when you want to see what everybody else has been working on.

    How to fetch files from git? ›

    Git "fetch" Downloads commits, objects and refs from another repository. It fetches branches and tags from one or more repositories. It holds repositories along with the objects that are necessary to complete their histories to keep updated remote-tracking branches.

    How do I pull code from GitHub token? ›

    Cloning from GitHub using HTTPS
    1. In GitHub, go to Settings --> Developer Settings --> Personal access tokens .
    2. Click Generate new token and assign the token a name.
    3. Grant the token privilege to the repo group. Copy the token to a secure location. ...
    4. At the bottom of the page, click Generate Token .

    How to pull code from git using commit id? ›

    To pull up a list of your commits and their associated hashes, you can run the git log command. To checkout a previous commit, you will use the Git checkout command followed by the commit hash you retrieved from your Git log.

    How to access git using personal access token? ›

    Using a personal access token on the command line

    Once you have a token, you can enter it instead of your password when performing Git operations over HTTPS. Personal access tokens can only be used for HTTPS Git operations. If your repository uses an SSH remote URL, you will need to switch the remote from SSH to HTTPS.

    How do I access my git personal access token? ›

    Log into the online administrative console. Under your GitHub user profile (not the repository profile), click the “Settings” link. Scroll down and click the “Developer Settings” link. Click the GitHub “Personal access tokens” link.

    How do I authenticate a terminal in GitHub? ›

    1. Authentication to GitHub.
    2. Create a strong password.
    3. Update access credentials.
    4. Create a personal access token.
    5. Reviewing your SSH keys.
    6. Deploy keys.
    7. Token expiration.
    8. Review security log.

    How do I fetch a branch from GitHub? ›

    Fetch a branch from the upstream repo
    1. Check our current configured remote repo for our fork. git remote -v. ...
    2. Add a new remote upstream repo that will be synced with the origin repo. ...
    3. Check if the new upstream has now been added. ...
    4. Fetch data from the upstream . ...
    5. Navigate to the branch.
    Feb 14, 2022

    What is the difference between git fetch and pull? ›

    Difference between Git fetch and pull. The key difference between git fetch and pull is that git pull copies changes from a remote repository directly into your working directory, while git fetch does not. The git fetch command only copies changes into your local Git repo. The git pull command does both.

    What is a pull request in git? ›

    In their simplest form, pull requests are a mechanism for a developer to notify team members that they have completed a feature. Once their feature branch is ready, the developer files a pull request via their Bitbucket account.

    How do I push and pull from GitHub desktop? ›

    To push your local changes to the remote repository, in the repository bar, click Push origin. If there are commits on the remote branch that you don't have on your local branch, GitHub Desktop prompts you to fetch new commits from the remote. In the "New Commits on Remote" window, click Fetch.

    What is the difference between GitHub and GitHub Desktop? ›

    GitHub Desktop is an application that enables GUI-based interaction with GitHub. Git provides a wide range of commands for Git activities like creating repositories, commits, pull requests, and so on. However, GitHub desktop provides GUI-based those activities using best practices with Git and GitHub.

    How to find branch using commit id in git? ›

    To list the branches containing the given commit, you should run the git branch command with the --contains option as follows:
    1. git branch --contains <sha1-commit-hash> ...
    2. git log -1 <current-branch> ...
    3. git branch --contains d590f2ac0635ec0053c4a7377bd929943d475297.

    How do you pull a commit into a branch? ›

    Go to either the git log or the GitHub UI and grab the unique commit hashes for each of the commits that you want. "Cherry pick" the commits you want into this branch. Run this command: git cherry-pick super-long-hash-here . That will pull just this commit into your current branch.

    Where can I find the commit ID in GitHub? ›

    In a different web browser tab, go to your GitHub dashboard . In Your repositories, choose the repository name that contains the target commit. In the list of commits, find and copy the commit ID that refers to the revision in the repository.


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