10 Little Known Facts About Illegal Immigration to the US (2023)

10 Little Known Facts About Illegal Immigration to the US (1)
  • The number of illegal immigrants entering the United States from Mexico has declined in recent years, while the number of immigrants from other countries has increased.
  • Only a third of all Mexicans who enter the US illegally sneak across the US-Mexico border.
  • Most unaccompanied children seeking asylum in the United States come from Guatemala, where the violent street gang MS-13 has entire neighborhoods under control.

many every yearimmigrantCome live in the USA. Some enter the country legally in hopes of eventually becoming US citizens, others come to reside illegally. Those who immigrate illegally are fleeing dangerous living conditions in their home country, which can include civil war, famine and a lack of prospects for their children. According to Pew Research, approximately 10.5 million illegal immigrants entered the United States in 2017, a number that represents 3.2% of the total population of the country.

Do you know everything about illegal immigration to the US? Now is your chance to catch up. Here are ten facts about illegal immigration into the country that you might not know.

10. The number of unauthorized Mexican immigrants decreases

10 Little Known Facts About Illegal Immigration to the US (2)

When you think of people who have moved to the United States without permission, the first thing that comes to mind might be people from Mexico. Probably because we often hear about this group in the media in relation to illegal immigration.MexicoThe United States and the United States share a very large border, and many Mexicans live in the country both legally and illegally. The fact, however, is that the number of Mexicans who do not enter the United States without a residence permit has been falling since 2007. In 2017, for the first time in history, Mexicans represented less than half (47%) of all unauthorized immigrants for the US, a 10% drop from 2007. There are now about 2 million fewer unauthorized Mexican immigrants (4.9 million) living in the US than in 2007 (6.9 million).

9. Increases illegal immigration from non-Mexican countries

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As illegal immigration into Mexico decreases, the number of unauthorized immigrants from other countries decreasescountriesSobe. anumberIllegal immigrants to the US from other countries increased to 5.5 million in 2017, up from 5.3 million in 2007. The number of illegal immigrants from El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Asia increased. The number of illegal immigrants entering the United States from South America and Europe declined between 2007 and 2017.

8. 6 states are home to more than half of all illegal immigrants

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Unauthorized immigrants live in many places across the US, but a large proportion can be found in six specific states. More than half (57%) live in California, Texas, Florida, New York, New Jersey and Illinois.

7. More stay longer

According to the Pew Research Center, the number of illegal immigrants who have been in the United States for more than a decade has risen to 64% from 41% in 2007. The number of short-term residents in this group has also increased. diminished. .

6. India and the Philippines are the main countries of origin

According to the Department of Homeland Security, some of the top countries people come from to live in the United States illegally are not only in the United States, but abroad as well. India and the Philippines are also now on the list of top source countries for illegal immigrants to the US.

5. Most unaccompanied children are from Guatemala

Minors under 18 are some of the illegal immigrants entering the country. US Customs and Border Protection calls these migrants "Unaccompanied Alien Children (UAC)". When UACs arrive at the border, they are referred to the Refugee Resettlement Office, which is part of the Department of Health and Human Services. These children are looked after by this government department while their individual cases are reviewed. This process has drawn attention in recent years, with reports coming out that some children are living in deplorable conditions when taken in by border guards, locked in cells without adult supervision or adequate food and water.

Where are you? UACs arrive in the US in greatest numbers from Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras, places that have become some of the most dangerous places in the world, according to the UN refugee agency. Guatemala UAC account for54% of all UACs come to the US.Some authorities say this is largely due to the rise of MS-13 in these countries. MS-13 is a riotous street gang that has its roots in US prisons, but now controls entire neighborhoods in places like El Salvador, with initiation rights that force new members, often at risk.impoverishedteenager committing murder.

4. A minority of people sneak across the border

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President Donald Trump promoted the idea of ​​buildinga wallall the way across the US-Mexico border. This is to prevent illegal immigrants from Mexico from entering the United States overland. The border wall cost about $30 million per mile in South Texas and is proving to be the largest federal infrastructure project in American history. However, the fact is that the wall may serve to prevent some illegal immigrants from entering the US, but not all. According to Randy Capps, research director for US programs at the Migration Policy Institute, only a third of unauthorized immigrants enter the United States across the border.

3. They are much less likely to commit violent crimes.

According to a June 2018 research report by the Cato Institute, unauthorized immigrants are 47% less likely than US-born citizens to commit violent crimes and be incarcerated. According to CBS News, an additional study by researchers at the University of Wisconsin found that areas with more undocumented immigrants had lower rates of violent crime in the United States.

2. They do not benefit from government social programs

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Unauthorized immigrants cannot run for governmentSocial benefits, since they are not supposed to live in the United States. These people also cannot apply for US Food Stamps, regular Medicaid, or Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF). Exceptions are sometimes made to "protect life or ensure safety in emergency situations".National Immigration Forumexplained, but in general, illegal immigrants are left to fend for themselves once in the United States.

1. Asylum seekers enter legally

There can be some confusion about what constitutes illegal immigration into the United States. When it's aboutlegalImmigration, in most cases, people apply for immigration from their home country and wait for the application to be processed. Most people must be sponsored by a US citizen to immigrate to the United States. Once the case is approved, they will receive a green card or immigrant visa. Then there are more steps before they can immigrate to the country.

However, some people don't get there that way. You can apply for asylum as a refugee. This is a perfectly legal process.Less than 23,000 peoplewho were granted refugee or asylum status in the United States in 2018. Asylum is granted to persons who come to the United States "who have suffered or feared persecution because of their race, religion, national origin, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion,” according to United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). with government officials.

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